Evidence for the Fulde–Ferrell–Larkin–Ovchinnikov state in bulk NbS2

Published: 2021
Nature Communications


We present measurements of the magnetic torque, specific heat and thermal expansion of the bulk transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) superconductor NbS2 in high magnetic fields, with its layer structure aligned strictly parallel to the field using a piezo rotary positioner. The upper critical field of superconducting TMDs in the 2D form is known to be dramatically enhanced by a special form of Ising spin orbit coupling. This Ising superconductivity is very robust to the Pauli paramagnetic effect and can therefore exist beyond the Pauli limit for superconductivity. We find that superconductivity beyond the Pauli limit still exists in bulk single crystals of NbS2 for a precisely parallel field alignment. However, the comparison of our upper critical field transition line with numerical simulations rather points to the development of a Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state above the Pauli limit as a cause. This is also consistent with the observation of a magnetic field driven phase transition in the thermo- dynamic quantities within the superconducting state near the Pauli limit.

Chang-woo Cho
Jian Lyu
Cheuk Yin Ng
James Jun He
Kwan To Lo
Dmitriy Chareev
Tarob A. Abdel-Baset
Mahmoud Abdel-Hafiez
Rolf Lortz