Mitigating Deficiencies in Evidence during Regulatory Assessments of Advanced Therapies: A Comparative Study with Other Biologicals

Published: 2020
Molecular Therapy, Methods & Clinical Development, Volume 18


Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMPs) comprising cell therapy, gene therapy, and tissue-engineered products, offer a multitude of novel therapeutic approaches to a wide range of severe and debilitating diseases. To date, several advanced therapies have received marketing authorization for a variety of indications. However, some products showed disappointing market performance, leading to their withdrawal. The available evidence for quality, safety, and efficacy at product launch can play a crucial role in their market success. To evaluate the sufficiency of evidence in submissions of advanced therapies for marketing authorization and to benchmark them against more established biological products, we conducted a matched comparison of the regulatory submissions between ATMPs and other biologicals. We applied a quantitative assessment of the regulatory objections and divergence from the expected data requirements as indicators of sufficiency of evidence and regulatory flexibility, respectively. Our results demonstrated that product manufacturing was challenging regardless of the product type. Advanced therapies displayed critical deficiencies in the submitted clinical data. The submitted non-clinical data packages benefited the most from regulatory flexibility. Additionally, ATMP developers need to comply with more commitments in the post-approval phase, which might add pressure on market performance. Mitigating such observed deficiencies in future product development, may leverage their potential for market success.

Magdi Elsallab
Christopher A. Bravery
Andreas Kurtz
Mohamed Abou El-Enein