Tandem Project

Energy Security and Decarbonisation: Interactions in Energy Policy Making

The decarbonisation and energy transition strategies adopted with the German Energiewende and the European 2050 decarbonisation strategy (‘European Green Deal’) is largely seen as a win-win situation: It will reduce greenhouse gases and increase supply security at the same time. This strategy will highly influence energy relations and trades with countries in the MENA region, notably the GCC countries. Here, the German and European strive for phasing out oil consumption in transport and stronger diversification of gas supply cause serious economic concerns as they question traditional business models. In addition, they raise the question on substituting oil and gas sales by cooperation on other energy carriers and projects such as renewable energies, energy efficiency, clean mobility or smart cities. So far, these future cooperation avenues have been little investigated in scientific literature.

This project aims at closing this gap by reviewing and sampling economic and policy sciences’ viewpoints of dedicated stakeholders in the energy field by means of semi-structured interviews. The aim is to capture the contrasting viewpoints of economic, environmental and government stakeholders on the future energy cooperation to identify drivers, barriers and promising cooperation fields. In addition, the project partners Marc Ringel and Jan Völkel, aim to sample the perspectives of large oil companies (Aramco, Shell, etc.) as well as OPEC, cooperation agencies such as GIZ and the International Energy Agency. The sampling will combine economic, political, sociological as well as technical aspects in an interdisciplinary manner. The findings will be published in scientific journals, as policy paper that discusses further avenues for future North-South energy cooperation, and as learning material for university students (presentations, handouts and online-learning module).

Members in Charge

Marc Ringel

Economics, Political Economy
HFWU – Nuertingen-Geislingen University, Faculty for Economics and Law

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Jan Völkel

Political Science
University of Freiburg Arnold Bergstraesser Institute

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DATE of the project

21 February – 31 December 2020

Funding Scheme

Tandem Project

Countries Involved

Germany, Belgium

Disciplines Involved

Political Sciences and Economics, MathematicsStudies


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